Variations of shear-wave splitting in Greenland: Mantle anisotropy and possible impact of the Iceland plume

Ucisik, N. and Gudmundsson, Ó. and Hanka, W. and Dahl-Jensen, T. and Mosegaard, K. and Priestley, K. F. (2008) Variations of shear-wave splitting in Greenland: Mantle anisotropy and possible impact of the Iceland plume. Tectonophysics, 462 (1-4). pp. 137-148. DOI 10.1016/j.tecto.2007.11.074

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Abstract

Seismic anisotropy was investigated by measuring shear-wave splitting at 19 broadband stations in Greenland. We examined mostly SKS and SKKS phases, but also some PKS and depth phases of SKS (e.g. pSKS, sSKS) for deep events. Splitting parameters (fast polarization and time delay) were determined for these phases. The fast polarizations at nine sites in southern Greenland are quite uniformly oriented about N-NE. Two sites in central northern Greenland show a similar geometry to southern Greenland. Similar fast polarizations in southern and central northern Greenland suggest continuity of structural fabric beneath large parts of Greenland. This coherent pattern extends across a number of geological provinces of varying age and suggests a common cause of anisotropy not related to the bitwise formation of the Greenland continental block. Four sites in an east-west oriented belt crossing central Greenland show varying fast polarizations and suggest a separate process causing the anisotropy there, which may indicate that these processes are not currently active. The overall pattern of anisotropy in our results, with the exception of variations across central Greenland, is similar to results obtained from Rayleigh waves. The irregular geometry of splitting across central Greenland may be related to the impact of the Iceland plume at ~ 60 Ma. Reported splitting time delays range from 0.4 to 1.4 s with an average of 0.8 s, which can generally not be explained by crustal anisotropy alone. If confined to a lithosphere of thickness on the order of 100 km, time delays of up to 1.4 s indicate anisotropy of up to about 6%, assuming that the a crystallographic axis of olivine is preferentially contained in the horizontal plane. We suggest that the anisotropy beneath Greenland is located mainly in the upper mantle but some contributions from the crust and lower mantle may be present.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 08AREP; IA57;
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: Tectonophysics
Volume: 462
Page Range: pp. 137-148
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.tecto.2007.11.074
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 22 May 2009 15:55
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:54
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1007

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