Diagenesis and porosity preservation in Eocene microporous limestones, South Florida, USA

Maliva, R. G. and Missimer, T. M. and Clayton, E. A. and Dickson, J. A. D. (2009) Diagenesis and porosity preservation in Eocene microporous limestones, South Florida, USA. Sedimentary Geology, 217 (1-4). pp. 85-94. DOI 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2009.03.011

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Abstract

Microporous limestones may contain immobile, capillary-bound (irreducible) water that is only in diffusional contact with mobile pore waters or in some reservoirs may contain producible hydrocarbons. The preservation and distribution of microporosity impact both subsurface fluid flow and solute transport. The diagenesis of microporous limestones has received relatively little attention because their very fine grains and cements are not amenable to standard analytical methods. The Ocala Limestone (Upper Eocene) and upper Avon Park Formation (Middle Eocene) in South Florida contain microporous micritic limestones (mudstones to packstones) that are at an intermediate stage of diagenesis. The limestones have been exposed to the active near-surface environment, but have not yet reached a burial depth sufficient for intense chemical compaction and associated porosity reduction. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logging allowed for the quantification of total porosity, pore-size distribution, and permeability. The Ocala Limestone and Avon Park Formation have different predominant microfacies and porosity size distributions, but yet both retain total porosities predominantly between 35% and 37%. Estimated microporosities range mostly between 12% and 45%. The mudstones and wackestones of the Ocala Limestone have significantly lower permeabilities (mostly 3 to 12 md) than the wackestones to grainstones of the Avon Park Formation (commonly in the 100 to 3000 md range), which have more mixed and overall coarser pore sizes. Computer modeling using carbon and oxygen stable data indicates that the studied microporous limestones underwent only a low degree of chemical diagenetic alteration, despite likely experiencing episodes of freshwater flushing associated with post-depositional sea-level lowstands. The Ocala Limestone and Avon Park Formation limestones illustrate the general concept that total porosity is often largely preserved through early diagenesis (although may undergo intra-formational redistribution) and that confined aquifers are diagenetic quiescent environments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 08AREP; IA57;
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Sedimentary Geology
Volume: 217
Page Range: pp. 85-94
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2009.03.011
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 26 May 2009 16:24
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:54
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1012

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