Western Arabian Sea SST during the penultimate interglacial: A comparison of U37K′ and Mg/Ca paleothermometry

Saher, M. H. and Rostek, F. and Jung, S. J. A. and Bard, E. and Schneider, R. R. and Greaves, M. J. and Ganssen, G. M. and Elderfield, H. and Kroon, D. (2009) Western Arabian Sea SST during the penultimate interglacial: A comparison of U37K′ and Mg/Ca paleothermometry. Paleoceanography, 24. PA2212. DOI https://doi.org/10.1029/2007PA001557.

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Millennial-scale records of planktonic foraminiferal Mg/Ca, bulk sediment U37 K′, and planktonic foraminiferal δ 18O are presented across the last two deglaciations in sediment core NIOP929 from the Arabian Sea. Mg/Ca-derived temperature variability during the penultimate and last deglacial periods falls within the range of modern day Arabian Sea temperatures, which are influenced by monsoon-driven upwelling. The U37 K′-derived temperatures in MIS 5e are similar to modern intermonsoon values and are on average 3.5°C higher than the Mg/Ca temperatures in the same period. MIS 5e U37 K′ and Mg/Ca temperatures are 1.5°C warmer than during the Holocene, while the U37 K′-Mg/Ca temperature difference was about twice as large during MIS 5e. This is surprising as, nowadays, both proxy carriers have a very similar seasonal and depth distribution. Partial explanations for the MIS 5e U37 K′-Mg/Ca temperature offset include carbonate dissolution, the change in dominant alkenone-producing species, and possibly lateral advection of alkenone-bearing material and a change in seasonal or depth distribution of proxy carriers. Our findings suggest that (1) Mg/Ca of G. ruber documents seawater temperature in the same way during both studied deglaciations as in the present, with respect to, e.g., season and depth, and (2) U37 K′-based temperatures from MIS 5 (or older) represent neither upwelling SST nor annual average SST (as it does in the present and the Holocene) but a higher temperature, despite alkenone production mainly occurring in the upwelling season. Further we report that at the onset of the deglacial warming, the Mg/Ca record leads the U37 K′ record by 4 ka, of which a maximum of 2 ka may be explained by postdepositional processes. Deglacial warming in both temperature records leads the deglacial decrease in the δ 18O profile, and Mg/Ca-based temperature returns to lower values before δ 18O has reached minimum interglacial values. This indicates a substantial lead in Arabian Sea warming relative to global ice melting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 09AREP; IA58
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Paleoceanography
Volume: 24
Page Range: PA2212
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007PA001557.
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2009 12:56
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:55
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1115

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