Water incorporation in synthetic and natural MgAl2O4 spinel

Bromiley, Geoffrey D. and Nestola, Fabrizio and Redfern, Simon A. T. and Zhang, Ming (2010) Water incorporation in synthetic and natural MgAl2O4 spinel. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74 (2). pp. 705-718. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2009.10.015

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Abstract

The solubility and incorporation mechanisms of water in synthetic and natural MgAl2O4 spinel have been investigated in a series of high-pressure/temperature annealing experiments. In contrast to most other nominally anhydrous minerals, natural spinel appears to be completely anhydrous. On the other hand, non-stoichiometric Al-rich synthetic (defect) spinel can accommodate several hundred ppm water in the form of structurally-incorporated hydrogen. Infrared (IR) spectra of hydrated defect spinel contain one main O-H stretching band at 3343-3352 cm-1 and a doublet consisting of two distinct O-H bands at 3505-3517 cm-1 and 3557-3566 cm-1. IR spectra and structural refinements based on single-crystal X-ray data are consistent with hydrogen incorporation in defect spinel onto both octahedral and tetrahedral O-O edges. Fine structure of O-H bands in IR spectra can be explained by partial coupling of interstitial hydrogen with cation vacancies, or by the effects of Mg-Al disorder on the tetrahedral site. The concentration of cation vacancies in defect spinel is a major control on hydrogen affinity. The commercial availability of large single crystals of defect spinel coupled with high water solubility and similarities in water incorporation mechanisms between hydrous defect spinel and hydrous ringwoodite (Mg2SiO4) suggests that synthetic defect spinel may be a useful low-pressure analogue material for investigating the causes and consequences of water incorporation in the lower part of Earth's mantle transition zone.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 09AREP; IA59;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume: 74
Page Range: pp. 705-718
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.gca.2009.10.015
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2010 09:35
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:56
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1286

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