Multi-proxy reconstruction of surface water pCO2 in the northern Arabian Sea since 29 ka

Palmer, M.R. and Brummer, G.J. and Cooper, M.J. and Elderfield, H. and Greaves, M. J. and Reichart, G.J. and Schouten, S. and Yu, J.M. (2010) Multi-proxy reconstruction of surface water pCO2 in the northern Arabian Sea since 29 ka. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 295 (1-2). pp. 49-57. DOI


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We report here the results of a multi-proxy study to reconstruct surface water pCO2 concentrations in the northern Arabian Sea. Our results show that [delta]11B and Mg/Ca measurements of the planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides sacculifer yield consistent pCO2 values with those reconstructed from the [delta]13C of alkenones when used in conjunction with foraminifera [delta]13C and Cd/Ca values. They reveal that this area of the oceans has been a constant source of CO2 to the atmosphere during the interval 5-29 ka, and that the intensity of this source was greatest between 11 and 17 ka, when atmospheric CO2 levels were rising rapidly. We interpret our data as reflecting variation in the strength of the Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM), thus indicating that the strength of the ASM varied in phase with summer insolation over the Tibetan plateau between 5 and 29 ka. In contrast to a previous study (Clemens and Prell, 2003), we observe no significant lag between the rise in insolation and the response of the ASM. Rather, our data support a recent study by Rohling et al. (2009) that northern hemisphere climatic forcing factors play a greater role in controlling the intensity of the ASM during times of intense monsoon activity, and that the southern hemisphere forcing is more important during times of weak monsoons.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2010AREP; IA60;
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume: 295
Page Range: pp. 49-57
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2010 12:19
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:57

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