A comparison of winter pre-heating requirements for natural displacement and natural mixing ventilation

Woods, Andrew W. and Fitzgerald, Shaun and Livermore, Stephen (2009) A comparison of winter pre-heating requirements for natural displacement and natural mixing ventilation. Energy and Buildings, 41 (12). pp. 1306-1312. DOI 10.1016/j.enbuild.2009.07.030

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Abstract

In winter, natural ventilation can be achieved either through mixing ventilation or upward displacement ventilation (P.F. Linden, The fluid mechanics of natural ventilation, Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 31 (1999) pp. 201-238). We show there is a significant energy saving possible by using mixing ventilation, in the case that the internal heat gains are significant, and illustrate these savings using an idealized model, which predicts that with internal heat gains of order 0.1 kW per person, mixing ventilation uses of a fraction of order 0.2-0.4 of the heat load of displacement ventilation assuming a well-insulated building. We then describe a strategy for such mixing natural ventilation in an atrium style building in which the rooms surrounding the atrium are able to vent directly to the exterior and also through the atrium to the exterior. The results are motivated by the desire to reduce the energy burden in large public buildings such as hospitals, schools or office buildings centred on atria. We illustrate a strategy for the natural mixing ventilation in order that the rooms surrounding the atrium receive both pre-heated but also sufficiently fresh air, while the central atrium zone remains warm. We test the principles with some laboratory experiments in which a model air chamber is ventilated using both mixing and displacement ventilation, and compare the energy loads in each case. We conclude with a discussion of the potential applications of the approach within the context of open plan atria type office buildings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 09AREP; IA60; BPI
Subjects: 99 - Other
Divisions: 99 - Other
Journal or Publication Title: Energy and Buildings
Volume: 41
Page Range: pp. 1306-1312
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2009.07.030
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2010 14:57
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:57
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1489

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