Direct observation of size fractionation during colloidal crystallization

Geerts, Nienke and Jahn, Sabrina and Eiser, Erika (2010) Direct observation of size fractionation during colloidal crystallization. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 22 (10). p. 104111. ISSN 0953-8984 DOI 10.1088/0953-8984/22/10/104111

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/22/10/104111

Abstract

We present a confocal microscopy study of the quasi-two-dimensional crystallization of a binary mixture of spherical colloids coated with long DNA strands. Our experiments show that in the crystalline phase the two colloidal species are completely demixed. Analysis of the lattice spacings in the two types of colloidal crystal shows that the diameters of the two species of colloids differ by 10%. We argue that the demixing in the crystalline phase is due to size segregation during crystallization. This phenomenon had been predicted in several theoretical studies. To our knowledge, the present study provides the first 'real-space' experimental confirmation of this effect.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2010AREP; BPI
Subjects: 99 - Other
Divisions: 99 - Other
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Volume: 22
Page Range: p. 104111
Identification Number: 10.1088/0953-8984/22/10/104111
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2010 11:31
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:57
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1515

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