Characterization of synthetic hedenbergite (CaFeSi2O6)–petedunnite (CaZnSi2O6) solid solution series by X-ray single crystal diffraction

Heuer, M. and Huber, A. L. and Bromiley, G. D. and Fehr, K. T. and Bente, K. (2005) Characterization of synthetic hedenbergite (CaFeSi2O6)–petedunnite (CaZnSi2O6) solid solution series by X-ray single crystal diffraction. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 32 (2). pp. 552-563. DOI 10.1007/s00269-003-0335-1

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Abstract

Clinopyroxenes along the solid solution series hedenbergite (CaFeSi2O6)-petedunnite (CaZnSi2O6) were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and different oxygen fugacities at temperatures of 700 to 1200 °C and pressures of 0.2 to 2.5 GPa. Properties were determined by means of X-ray diffraction, electron microprobe analysis and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy at 298 K. Unit-cell parameters display a linear dependency with changing composition. Parameters a0 and b0 exhibit a linear decrease with increasing Zn content while the monoclinic angle β increases linearly. Parameter c0 is not affected by composition and remains constant at a value of 5.248 Å. The molar volume can be described according to the equation Vmol (ccm mol-1)=33.963(16)-0.544(31)*Zn pfu. The isomer shifts of ferrous iron on the octahedral M1 site in hedenbergite are not affected by composition along the hedenbergite-petedunnite solid solution series and remain constant at an average value of 1.18 mm s-1. Quadrupole splittings of Fe2+ on the M1 are, however, strongly affected by composition, and they decrease linearly with increasing petedunnite component in hedenbergite, ranging from 2.25 mm s-1 for pure hedenbergite end member to 1.99 mm s-1 for a solid solution containing 84 mole% petedunnite. The half-widths of intermediate solid solutions vary between 0.26 and 0.33 mm s-1, indicating, in accordance with the microprobe analyses and X-ray diffraction, that samples are homogeneous and well-crystallized. The data from this study demonstrate that the crystallinity of hedenbergitic clinopyroxenes can be improved by using oxide mixtures as starting materials. Crystal sizes for intermediate compositions range up to 70 μm, suitable for standard single-crystal X-ray analysis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2005 AREP 2005 P IA49
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume: 32
Page Range: pp. 552-563
Identification Number: 10.1007/s00269-003-0335-1
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2011 09:14
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:58
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1680

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