Burial and exhumation history of a Lesser Himalayan schist: Recording the formation of an inverted metamorphic sequence in NW India

Caddick, M. J. and Bickle, M. J. and Harris, N. B. W. and Holland, T. J. B. and Horstwood, M. S. A. and Parrish, R. R. and Ahmad, T. (2007) Burial and exhumation history of a Lesser Himalayan schist: Recording the formation of an inverted metamorphic sequence in NW India. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 264 (3-4). pp. 375-390. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.09.011

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2007.09.011

Abstract

Coupled analysis of the pressure–temperature (PT) evolution and accessory phase geochronology of a single sample reveals the burial-uplift history of part of the Lesser Himalaya during the Middle Miocene. Phase-equilibria calculations indicate that a peak temperature of 600–640 °C followed burial to approximately 25 km depth. Laser-ablation monazite geochronology yields a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 11.1 ± 2.0 Ma and a Tera-Wasserburg Concordia intercept age of 10.6 ± 0.9 Ma, with no distinguishable age difference between matrix and inclusion grains. Considerations of the likelihood of excess 206Pb further suggest that the crystallization age lies in the range 9–10 Ma. Textural analysis suggests that monazite grew during prograde metamorphism. Peak metamorphic conditions were followed by exhumation and cooling, forming a distinctively tight PT path closure. Both the shape of this path and its relatively young prograde phase distinguish Lesser Himalayan evolution from that typically inferred for the High Himalaya, and allow exploration of the thermal mechanisms that operated in the western Himalaya during the interval ca. 23–6 Ma. The PTt history is characteristic of footwall heating due to rapid overthrusting of hot rock (the Higher Himalaya), followed by incorporation into a thrust sheet that exhumed the sequence rapidly enough to preserve an inverted metamorphic gradient.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2007 AREP IA55 2007 P
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume: 264
Page Range: pp. 375-390
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.09.011
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:01
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:01
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/178

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