High temperature phase transitions in barium sodium niobate: the wall roughening 1q–2q incommensurate transition and mean field tricritical behaviour in a disordered exclusion model.

Scott, J. F. and Hayward, S. A. and Miyake, M. (2005) High temperature phase transitions in barium sodium niobate: the wall roughening 1q–2q incommensurate transition and mean field tricritical behaviour in a disordered exclusion model. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 17. pp. 5911-5926. DOI 10.1088/0953-8984/17/37/026

[img] PDF
High_temperature_-_Scott.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (579kB)

Abstract

Barium sodium niobate (Ba2NaNb5O15) is a tungsten bronze structure that exhibits a complicated sequence of six structural phase transitions, including three incommensurate (IC) phases. The phases are unusual in that all but the highest temperature P4/mbm structure are ferroelectric. Unlike the situation for most incommensurate insulators, in which ferroelectricity develops at low temperatures along the modulation direction, the polarization direction in barium sodium niobate is orthogonal to the modulation(s), permitting some unusual phenomena. In the present study we analyse the thermal and dielectric behaviour at the Curie temperature TC near 830 K as well as that at the Ccm21– IC(1q) transition near 543 K, the IC(1q)–IC(2q) transition near 565 K and the IC(2q)–P4bm transition at 582 K. The entropy change at 565 K is related to the wall roughening model of Rice et al (1981 Phys. Rev. B 24 2751). Data near TC = 830 K indicate close proximity to a tricritical point, and discussions of critical exponents are presented, all of which are found to be mean field. Because of Na vacancies, transition temperature variation is found among specimens Ba2Na1−xNb5O15 (830 K < TC(x) < 865 K), and the system appears to be describable by the disordered exclusion model as a slightly firstorder intrinsic system whose dynamics are suppressed by weak disorder. Near TC the specific heatC(T ) is comparedwith the random bond prediction ofHarris (1974 J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 7 1671): C(T ) = C0(T )/[1 + bx2C0(T )], where C0(T ) is the intrinsic specific heat of the vacancy-free crystal varying as (TC − T ) −1/2 and x is the sodium vacancy concentration. In agreement with Harris’s model, the shifts in TC(x) are to lower T with increasing x and scale as x; the broadening scales as x2; and the effective critical exponent remains unchanged at α = 1/2.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2005 AREP 2005 P IA49
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Volume: 17
Page Range: pp. 5911-5926
Identification Number: 10.1088/0953-8984/17/37/026
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2010 14:29
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:59
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1818

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

About cookies