Ordering and elasticity associated with low-temperature phase transitions in lawsonite.

Sondergeld, P. and Schranz, W. and Tröster, A. and Armbruster, T. and Giester, G. and Kityk, A. and Carpenter, M. A. (2005) Ordering and elasticity associated with low-temperature phase transitions in lawsonite. American Mineralogist, 90. pp. 448-456. DOI 10.2138/am.2005.1243

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Abstract

The two low-temperature phase transitions of lawsonite have been studied using single-crystal X-ray diffraction from 86 to 318 K and a single-crystal high-frequency continuous-wave resonance technique from 323 to 102 K. While recently published data of the variations of strains, birefringence, and IR line widths are consistent with the (271 K) Cmcm-Pmcn transition being simply tricritical, our investigation of critical X-ray refl ections and the six diagonal elastic constants of lawsonite reveals, consistently, a more complex crossover pattern in the temperature range of 205–225 K. Below 205 K the overall pattern is again in good agreement with a tricritical solution of the Cmcm-Pmcn transition and a second-order behavior of the (120 K) Pmcn-P21cn transition. The structure determination from single-crystal X-ray data at 215 K reveals a possible orientational disorder of some of the hydroxyl groups in the Pmcn phase. From this and a recent strain analysis of deuterated and hydrogenated lawsonite we conclude that down to 205 K the Cmcm-Pmcn transition is driven by a displacive component, as observed in strain and birefringence data, plus an order/disorder component or dynamical effects associated with proton ordering. Below 205 K only the displacive component plays a role, and the (120 K) Pmcn-P21cn transition is driven by a single order parameter. The remarkable elastic softening of C66 ahead of the Cmcm-Pmcn transition indicates another orthorhombic-monoclinic transition, which is suppressed on cooling through the low-temperature phase sequence Cmcm-Pmcn-P21cn, but can be observed on applying pressure to the mineral.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2005 PUBL 2005 AREP IA47
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: American Mineralogist
Volume: 90
Page Range: pp. 448-456
Identification Number: 10.2138/am.2005.1243
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2010 14:26
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:59
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1832

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