Karstic wetland dwellers of Middle Palaeolithic Epirus, Greece.

van Andel, T. H. and Runnels, C. N. (2005) Karstic wetland dwellers of Middle Palaeolithic Epirus, Greece. Journal of Field Archaeology, 30 (4). pp. 367-384. DOI 10.2307/40025558

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Abstract

The coastal zone of western Greece from the Ambracian Gulf to the Albanian border is the, foreland of the great Pindos range. It is a complicated, actively rising landscape of limestone mountains and closed intra-montane basins. Archaeologically, this karst landscape is distinguished by numerous Middle Palaeolithic open-air sites embedded in the red sediments of the basins. In contrast,further inland, the river valleys of the western flank of the Pindos harbor only sparse cave and rockshelter sites of Upper Palaeolithic age. A land-use strategy in the Middle Palaeolithic focused on predictable and seasonally-dependable features of karstic origin. This long-term pattern of scheduled Neanderthal residential mobility took advantage of wetlands at fixed locations which provided essential resources such as flint, animals, and plants. As the climate deteriorated in the Upper Palaeolithic the exploitation of wetlands declined and humans turned to caves and rockshelters and the pursuit of game on the upland interfluves and in river gorges.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2006 AREP 2005 P IA51
Subjects: 04 - Palaeobiology
Divisions: 04 - Palaeobiology
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Field Archaeology
Volume: 30
Page Range: pp. 367-384
Identification Number: 10.2307/40025558
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2010 15:28
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:59
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1861

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