Active faulting, earthquakes, and restraining bend development near Kerman city in southeastern Iran

Walker, Richard Thomas and Talebian, Morteza and Saiffori, Sohei and Sloan, Robert Alastair and Rasheedi, Ali and MacBean, Natasha and Ghassemi, Abbas (2010) Active faulting, earthquakes, and restraining bend development near Kerman city in southeastern Iran. Journal of Structural Geology, 32 (8). pp. 1046-1060. DOI 10.1016/j.jsg.2010.06.012

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Abstract

We provide descriptions of strike-slip and reverse faulting, active within the late Quaternary, in the vicinity of Kerman city in southeastern Iran. The faults accommodate north-south, right-lateral, shear between central Iran and the Dasht-e-Lut depression. The regions that we describe have been subject to numerous earthquakes in the historical and instrumental periods, and many of the faults that are documented in this paper constitute hazards for local populations, including the city of Kerman itself (population ~200,000). Faults to the north and east of Kerman are associated with the transfer of slip from the Gowk to the Kuh Banan right-lateral faults across a 40 km-wide restraining bend. Faults south and west of the city are associated with oblique slip on the Mahan and Jorjafk systems. The patterns of faulting observed along the Mahan-Jorjafk system, the Gowk-Kuh Banan system, and also the Rafsanjan-Rayen system further to the south, appear to preserve different stages in the development of these oblique-slip fault systems. We suggest that the faulting evolves through time. Topography is initially generated on oblique slip faults (as is seen on the Jorjafk fault). The shortening component then migrates to reverse faults situated away from the high topography whereas strike-slip continues to be accommodated in the high, mountainous, regions (as is seen, for example, on the Rafsanjan fault). The reverse faults may then link together and eventually evolve into new, through-going, strike-slip faults in a process that appears to be occurring, at present, in the bend between the Gowk and Kuh Banan faults.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2010AREP; IA61;
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Structural Geology
Volume: 32
Page Range: pp. 1046-1060
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jsg.2010.06.012
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2010 07:44
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:00
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1951

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