Dense seismic network provides new insight into the 2007 Upptyppingar dyke intrusion

Martens, H. R. and White, R. S. and Key, J. and Drew, J. and Soosalu, H. and Jakobsdottir, S. S. (2010) Dense seismic network provides new insight into the 2007 Upptyppingar dyke intrusion. Jokull: journal of the glaciological and geological societies of Iceland, 60. pp. 47-66. ISSN 0449-0576

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Abstract

Factors such as network geometry, network size and phase-picking accuracy have significant effects on the precision of seismic hypocentre locations. In turn, the precision of the hypocentral locations dictates the degree to which morphological details within seismic swarms may be resolved. The Icelandic national seismic network (SIL) is designed to monitor seismic activity across large expanses of Iceland in realtime using automated earthquake detection and location software. Here we examine the performance of the SIL network relative to a much denser, local network of seismometers deployed around the Askja volcano in the Northern Volcanic Zone. A subset of earthquakes from the 2007–2008 dyke intrusion beneath Mt. Upptyppingar is used to compare single- and multi-event hypocentral locations. Specifically, we highlight 288, high signal-to-noise ratio events that occurred during an intensive sequence of earthquakes from 6–24 July 2007, when the temporary Askja network was active. A careful refinement of phase onsets recorded by our wellconfigured, dense network of receivers reveals hypocentres clustered tightly on a planar structure, interpreted as a dyke dipping at 49. The root-mean-square (RMS) misfit to the plane (114 m) is only slightly greater than the uncertainties in relative locations of the earthquakes themselves, and constitutes a three-fold reduction in RMS misfit over SIL relative locations. The improved precision, facilitated predominantly by a more favourable network size and configuration, permits a more detailed analysis of the intrusion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2010AREP; IA62;
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
10 - Explosive Earth
Journal or Publication Title: Jokull: journal of the glaciological and geological societies of Iceland
Volume: 60
Page Range: pp. 47-66
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2011 13:56
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2016 17:06
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/1981

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