Phase stability, elastic behavior, and pressure-induced structural evolution of kalsilite: A ceramic material and high-T/high-P mineral

Gatta, G. Diego and Angel, Ross J. and Zhao, Jing and Alvaro, Matteo and Rotiroti, Nicola and Carpenter, Michael A. (2011) Phase stability, elastic behavior, and pressure-induced structural evolution of kalsilite: A ceramic material and high-T/high-P mineral. American Mineralogist, 96 (8-9). pp. 1363-1372. DOI 10.2138/am.2011.3793

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Abstract

The phase stability, elastic behavior, and pressure-induced structural evolution of a natural metamorphic kalsilite (ideal formula KAlSiO4) from Punalur (Kerala district in southern India), with P31c symmetry and a K/Na molar ratio of ~350, has been investigated by in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction up to ~7 GPa with a diamond-anvil cell under hydrostatic conditions. At high-pressure, a previously unreported iso-symmetric first-order phase transition occurs at ~3.5 GPa. The volume compression of the two phases is described by third-order Birch-Murnaghan equations-of-state: V0 = 201.02(1) A3, KT0 = 59.7(5) GPa, K' = 3.5(3) for the low-P polymorph, and V0 = 200.1(13) A3, KT0 = 44(8) GPa, K' = 6.4(20) for the high-P polymorph. The pressure-induced structural evolution in kalsilite up to 7 GPa appears to be completely reversible. The compression of both phases involves tetrahedral rotations around [0001], which close up the channels within the framework. In addition, compression of the low-pressure phase involves tilting of the tetrahedra. The major structural change at the phase transition is an increase in the tilting of the tetrahedra, but with a reversion of the tetrahedral rotations to the value found at ambient conditions. This behavior is in distinct contrast to that of nepheline, which has a tetrahedral framework of the same topology.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2011AREP; IA63;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: American Mineralogist
Volume: 96
Page Range: pp. 1363-1372
Identification Number: 10.2138/am.2011.3793
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2011 17:20
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:02
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2206

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