Implications of the new eukaryotic systematics for parasitologists

Dacks, J. B. and Walker, G. and Field, M. C. (2008) Implications of the new eukaryotic systematics for parasitologists. Parasitology International, 57 (2). pp. 97-104. DOI 10.1016/j.parint.2007.11.004

[img] PDF
Dacks_et_al_Parasit.Intl57_(2008).pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (470kB)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2007.11.004

Abstract

An accurate understanding of evolutionary relationships is central in biology. For parasitologists, understanding the relationships among eukaryotic organisms allows the prediction of virulence mechanisms, reconstruction of metabolic pathways, identification of potential drug targets, elucidation of parasite-specific cellular processes and understanding of interactions with the host or vector. Here we consider the impact of major recent revisions of eukaryotic systematics and taxonomy on parasitology. The previous, ladder-like model placed some protists as early diverging, with the remaining eukaryotes “progressing” towards a “crown radiation” of animals, plants, Fungi and some additional protistan lineages. This model has been robustly disproven. The new model is based on vastly increased amounts of molecular sequence data, integration with morphological information and the rigorous application of phylogenetic methods to those data. It now divides eukaryotes into six major supergroups; the relationships between those groups and the order of branching remain unknown. This new eukaryotic phylogeny emphasizes that organisms including Giardia, Trypanosoma and Trichomonas are not primitive, but instead highly evolved and specialised for their specific environments. The wealth of newly available comparative genomic data has also allowed the reconstruction of ancient suites of characteristics and mapping of character evolution in diverse parasites. For example, the last common eukaryotic ancestor was apparently complex, suggesting that lineage-specific adaptations and secondary losses have been important in the evolution of protistan parasites. Referring to the best evidence-based models for eukaryotic evolution will allow parasitologists to make more accurate and reliable inferences about pathogens that cause significant morbidity and mortality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NIL AREP 2008 P IA58
Subjects: 04 - Palaeobiology
Divisions: 04 - Palaeobiology
Journal or Publication Title: Parasitology International
Volume: 57
Page Range: pp. 97-104
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.parint.2007.11.004
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:02
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:06
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/230

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

About cookies