Temporal and Spatial Evolution of Dynamic Support From River Profiles: A Framework for Madagascar.

Roberts, G. G. and Paul, J. D. and White, N. J. and Winterbourne, J. (2012) Temporal and Spatial Evolution of Dynamic Support From River Profiles: A Framework for Madagascar. G3 Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13 (4). Q04004. ISSN 1525-2027 DOI 10.1029/2012GC004040

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Abstract

We present a strategy for calculating uplift rates as a function of space and time from large sets of longitudinal river profiles. This strategy assumes that the shape of a river profile is controlled by the history of uplift rate and moderated by the erosional process. We assume that upstream drainage area is invariant. The algorithm was tested on a set of ∼100 river profiles which were extracted from a digital elevation model of Madagascar. This set of profiles was simultaneously inverted to obtain uplift rate as a smooth function of space and time. The fit between observed and calculated profiles is excellent and suggests that Madagascar was uplifted by 1–2 km at rates of 0.2–0.4 mm/yr during the last ∼15 Myrs. The location of Madagascar suggests that its topographic elevation is maintained by convective circulation of the sub-lithospheric mantle. Residual depth anomalies of oceanic fragments encompassing the island show that the island straddles a dynamic topographic gradient which generates asymmetric Neogene uplift. Volcanism, warped peneplains and uplifted marine terraces corroborate the existence of youthful uplift. We suggest that sets of longitudinal river profiles contain useful information about the history of regional uplift which can be extracted by inverse modeling and calibrated by independent geologic observations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2012AREP; IA64;
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: G3 Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems
Volume: 13
Page Range: Q04004
Identification Number: 10.1029/2012GC004040
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2012 08:55
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:03
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2386

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