Structural, spectroscopic, magnetic and electrical characterization of Ca-doped polycrystalline bismuth ferrite, Bi1−xCaxFeO3−x/2 (x ≤ 0.1)

Sardar, Kripasindhu and Hong, Jiawang and Catalan, Gustau and Biswas, P K and Lees, Martin R and Walton, Richard I and Scott, James F. and Redfern, Simon A. T. (2012) Structural, spectroscopic, magnetic and electrical characterization of Ca-doped polycrystalline bismuth ferrite, Bi1−xCaxFeO3−x/2 (x ≤ 0.1). Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 24 (4). 045905. DOI 10.1088/0953-8984/24/4/045905

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0953-8984/24/4/045905

Abstract

The crystal structure and physical properties of multiferroic polycrystalline Ca2+-doped BiFeO3 samples have been investigated. The present experimental investigation suggests that Bi1−xCaxFeO3−x/2 (x ≤ 0.1) can be considered as a solid solution between BiFeO3 and CaFeO2.5. The oxidation state of Fe in these materials is + 3 and charge balance occurs through the creation of oxygen vacancies. For each composition, two structural phase transitions are revealed as anomalies in the variable-temperature in situ x-ray diffraction data which is consistent with the well-established high-temperature structural transformation in pure BiFeO3. All compositions studied show antiferromagnetic behaviour along with a ferromagnetic component that increases with Ca2+ doping. The resistivities of the Bi1−xCaxFeO3−x/2 samples at room temperature are of the order of 109 Ω cm and decrease with increasing Ca2+ content. Arrhenius plots of the resistivity show two distinct linear regions with activation energies in the range of 0.4–0.7 and 0.03–0.16 eV. A correlation has been established between the critical temperatures associated with the structural phase transitions and the multiferroic properties. A composition of x = 0.085 is predicted to show maximum magneto-electric coupling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2011AREP; IA63;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Volume: 24
Page Range: 045905
Identification Number: 10.1088/0953-8984/24/4/045905
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2012 12:23
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:03
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2392

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