Surface and subsurface seawater temperature reconstruction using Mg/Ca microanalysis of planktonic foraminifera Globigerinoides ruber, Globigerinoides sacculifer, and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata

Sadekov, A. and Eggins, S.M. and De Deckker, P. and Ninnemann, U. and Kuhnt, W. and Bassinot, F. (2009) Surface and subsurface seawater temperature reconstruction using Mg/Ca microanalysis of planktonic foraminifera Globigerinoides ruber, Globigerinoides sacculifer, and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata. Paleoceanography, 24 (3). PA3201. DOI 10.1029/2008PA001664

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Abstract

Laser–ablation inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry microanalyses of Mg/Ca across individual final chambers of three planktonic foraminifera species, Globigerinoides ruber, G. sacculifer, and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, reveal significant interspecies differences in test Mg concentrations. Whereas these three species have similar Mg/Ca values at low sea surface temperatures (∼22°C), they diverge markedly at high sea surface temperatures (∼29°C). Explanations for these differences in species Mg/Ca values based on detailed comparison of species intratest Mg/Ca distributions suggest that compositional variability within tests cannot account for the observed deviation of species Mg/Ca values in warm-water equatorial regions. Multiple regression modeling and δ 18O analysis of Globigerinoides sacculifer tests indicate that interspecies differences in Mg/Ca values result from different depth habitats. The average Mg/Ca values of G. ruber final chambers reflect the temperature of the surface mixed layer (0–25 m), whereas those of G. sacculifer and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata correlate best with subsurface temperatures at 50–75 m and 100–125 m water depths, respectively. Mg/Ca calibration to the temperatures at these depths reveals a similar temperature control on Mg test composition in all species. Combining our results with Mg/Ca values from published culturing experiments, we derive a generalized equation for the effect of temperature and seawater salinity on foraminiferal Mg/Ca. We also show that the Mg/Ca composition of specific calcite layers within foraminiferal tests, including the low-Mg/Ca layers of Globigerinoides ruber and G. sacculifer and the cortex layer of Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, correlates with seawater temperature and can be used as an additional proxy for seawater temperature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NILAREP
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Paleoceanography
Volume: 24
Page Range: PA3201
Identification Number: 10.1029/2008PA001664
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2012 15:32
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:03
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2447

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