Tomographic image of melt storage beneath Askja volcano, Iceland using local microseismicity

Mitchell, M. and White, R. S. and Roecker, S. and Greenfield, T. (2013) Tomographic image of melt storage beneath Askja volcano, Iceland using local microseismicity. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (19). pp. 5040-5046. ISSN 0094–8276 DOI 10.1002/grl.50899

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.508...

Abstract

[1] We use P wave and S wave arrivals from microseismic earthquakes to construct 3-D tomographic Vp and Vs images of the magma storage region beneath Askja's central volcano in the Northern Volcanic Zone of Iceland. A distinctive ellipsoidal low-velocity anomaly, with both Vp and Vsvelocities 8-12% below the background, is imaged at 6-11 km depth beneath the caldera. The presence of a shallow magma chamber is corroborated by geodetic and gravity studies. The small Vp/Vs anomaly suggests a lack of pervasive melt. We interpret this anomaly as a region of multiple sills, some frozen but hot, others containing partial melt. A second, smaller low-velocity anomaly beneath the main magma storage region may represent a magma migration pathway. This interpretation is supported by the close proximity to the anomaly of clusters of deep, magmatically induced earthquakes. However, the location and shape of this deep anomaly are poorly constrained by the current data set.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2013AREP; IA66, PhD.,
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
10 - Explosive Earth
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Research Letters
Volume: 40
Page Range: pp. 5040-5046
Identification Number: 10.1002/grl.50899
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2013 15:30
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2016 17:12
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2858

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