Geochemical provincialism in the Iceland plume

Shorttle, Oliver and Maclennan, John and Piotrowski, Alexander M. (2013) Geochemical provincialism in the Iceland plume. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 123. pp. 363-397. ISSN 0016-7037 DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2013.08.032

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Abstract

We present new Pb-Sr-Nd isotope, major and trace element data for a suite of basalts from central Iceland. We combine this new data with existing sample sets and interrogate it using spatial statistical methods. On the View the MathML source scale of a volcanic zone we find strong correlation between the three isotope systems. However, on greater length scales we identify two types of spatial structure, both of which are most strongly observed in the Pb isotopes. Firstly, the mean Pb-isotopic composition of basalts becomes progressively less radiogenic from south to north Iceland, with our central Iceland dataset falling at intermediate compositions. Secondly, there is a shift in the pseudo-binary mixing array that samples fall along as the neovolcanic zones are stepped through south to north, both in Pb-Pb, and Pb-Sr/Nd isotope space. The Pb isotope systematics of Icelandic basalts therefore appear to be decoupled from those of Sr and Nd isotopes on length scales View the MathML source. Only within individual neovolcanic zones are there coherent relationships between the Pb, Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of basalts. The spatial structure uniquely recorded by Pb isotopes complements observations from previous authors that Pb isotope dynamics are fundamentally distinct from other isotope systems.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2013 The Authors.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2013AREP; IA66;
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume: 123
Page Range: pp. 363-397
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.08.032
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2013 23:47
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2014 21:14
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2892

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