Oxygen isotopes in melt inclusions and glasses from the Askja volcanic system, North Iceland

Hartley, M. E. and Thordarson, T. and Fitton, J.G. and EIMF, no initials (2013) Oxygen isotopes in melt inclusions and glasses from the Askja volcanic system, North Iceland. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 123. pp. 55-73. ISSN 00167037 DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2013.09.008

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2013.09.008

Abstract

Primitive melt inclusions trapped during the earliest stages of fractional crystallisation are able to preserve oxygen isotope ratios inherited from mantle-derived melts. However, assimilation of low-δ18O hydrothermally altered crustal material and mixing with magmas held in shallow reservoirs may exert a strong control on the δ18O of melt inclusions trapped during later stages of crystallisation. Oxygen isotope ratios in olivine- and plagioclase-hosted melt inclusions and glasses from tephra samples collected from the Askja central volcano and Askja volcanic system indicate significant differences in the mechanisms of magma supply and storage between the northern and southern segments of the Askja volcanic system. Melt inclusions from the Holuhraun fissure eruption, ∼20 km south of Askja, mostly preserve δ18O signatures of +4.1‰ to +5.4‰, suggesting that this magma underwent minimal modification by magma mixing or crustal assimilation prior to its eruption. By contrast, melt inclusions and glasses from the Nýjahraun fissure eruption, ∼60 km north of Askja, have δ18O between +3.1‰ and +4.0‰. These relatively evolved melt inclusions (∼3.9–4.3 wt.% MgO) were probably trapped during late-stage fractional crystallisation in a shallow magma storage zone. Melt inclusions from two phreatomagmatic tuff sequences within the Askja caldera have δ18O between +2.1‰ and +5.2‰, and this variability cannot be explained by mixing with low-δ18O rhyolitic or andesitic contaminants in the upper crust. Instead, mixing of the ascending magmas with hydrated, low-δ18O basaltic magmas is invoked, thus acquiring a low δ18O signature with minimal modification to the magma’s bulk composition. Such magma bodies are likely to be found throughout the upper 11 km of the crust beneath Askja. Assimilation of low-δ18O meta-basalt in the upper crust is also likely to affect the δ18O of ascending magmas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NIL AREP; IA66;
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume: 123
Page Range: pp. 55-73
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.09.008
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2013 07:47
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2013 11:44
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2898

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