Warm climates of the past—a lesson for the future? This is one article from the Discussion Meeting Issue ‘Warm climates of the past—a lesson for the future?’ compiled and edited by Daniel J. Lunt, Harry Elderfield, Richard Pancost and Andy Ridgwell

Lunt, D. J. and Elderfield, H. and Pancost, R. and Ridgwell, A. and Foster, G. L. and Haywood, A. and Kiehl, J. and Sagoo, N. and Shields, C. and Stone, E. J. and Valdes, P. (2013) Warm climates of the past—a lesson for the future? This is one article from the Discussion Meeting Issue ‘Warm climates of the past—a lesson for the future?’ compiled and edited by Daniel J. Lunt, Harry Elderfield, Richard Pancost and Andy Ridgwell. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 371 (2001). p. 20130146. ISSN 1364-503X, 1471-2962 DOI 10.1098/rsta.2013.0146

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Abstract

This Discussion Meeting Issue of the Philosophical Transactions A had its genesis in a Discussion Meeting of the Royal Society which took place on 10–11 October 2011. The Discussion Meeting, entitled ‘Warm climates of the past: a lesson for the future?’, brought together 16 eminent international speakers from the field of palaeoclimate, and was attended by over 280 scientists and members of the public. Many of the speakers have contributed to the papers compiled in this Discussion Meeting Issue. The papers summarize the talks at the meeting, and present further or related work. This Discussion Meeting Issue asks to what extent information gleaned from the study of past climates can aid our understanding of future climate change. Climate change is currently an issue at the forefront of environmental science, and also has important sociological and political implications. Most future predictions are carried out by complex numerical models; however, these models cannot be rigorously tested for scenarios outside of the modern, without making use of past climate data. Furthermore, past climate data can inform our understanding of how the Earth system operates, and can provide important contextual information related to environmental change. All past time periods can be useful in this context; here, we focus on past climates that were warmer than the modern climate, as these are likely to be the most similar to the future. This introductory paper is not meant as a comprehensive overview of all work in this field. Instead, it gives an introduction to the important issues therein, using the papers in this Discussion Meeting Issue, and other works from all the Discussion Meeting speakers, as exemplars of the various ways in which past climates can inform projections of future climate. Furthermore, we present new work that uses a palaeo constraint to quantitatively inform projections of future equilibrium ice sheet change.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: PMID: 24043873 © 2013 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2013AREP; IA66;
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume: 371
Page Range: p. 20130146
Identification Number: 10.1098/rsta.2013.0146
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2013 15:45
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2013 17:28
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2901

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