Volcano monitoring applications of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument

McCormick, Brendan T. and Edmonds, Marie and Mather, Tamsin A. and Campion, Robin and Hayer, Catherine S. L. and Thomas, Helen E. and Carn, Simon A. (2013) Volcano monitoring applications of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 380. pp. 259-291. DOI https://doi.org/10.1144/SP380.11

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The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) is a satellite-based ultraviolet (UV) spectrometer with unprecedented sensitivity to atmospheric sulphur dioxide (SO2) concentrations. Since late 2004, OMI has provided a high-quality SO2 dataset with near-continuous daily global coverage. In this review, we discuss the principal applications of this dataset to volcano monitoring: (1) the detection and tracking of large eruption clouds, primarily for aviation hazard mitigation; and (2) the use of OMI data for long-term monitoring of volcanic degassing. This latter application is relatively novel, and despite showing some promise, requires further study into a number of key uncertainties. We discuss these uncertainties, and illustrate their potential impact on volcano monitoring with OMI through four new case studies. We also discuss potential future avenues of research using OMI data, with a particular emphasis on the need for greater integration between various monitoring strategies, instruments and datasets.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2013AREP; IA66;
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Volume: 380
Page Range: pp. 259-291
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1144/SP380.11
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2014 10:45
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2016 12:11
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2957

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