Provenance of surface sediments along the southeastern Adriatic coast off Italy: An overview

Goudeau, Marie-Louise S. and Grauel, Anna- Lena and Bernasconi, Stefano M. and de Lange, Gert J. (2013) Provenance of surface sediments along the southeastern Adriatic coast off Italy: An overview. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 134. pp. 45-56. ISSN 0272-7714 DOI 10.1016/j.ecss.2013.09.009

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Abstract

Multi-proxy studies are necessary to understand sediment composition and related provenance on continental shelfs. Here it is shown that the spatial distribution of geochemical composition and grain size for surface sediments along the southeastern Italian coast is related to provenance and mechanisms influencing sediment pathways. A northern Adriatic/Italian provenance can be distinguished from a southern Apennine river source. This is done independent of grain size using the element ratios Ce/Ni and Zr/Cr. Furthermore, the origin of organic matter is determined using bulk carbon isotopes and the C/N ratio. Integrating these results with those from complementary studies on δ18O and δ13C of Globigerinoides ruber (white), the BIT index, stable isotopes of plant waxes and dinoflagellate cyst distribution from the same set of samples reveals that: • Sediments from the northwestern Adriatic are transported as far southward as the Gallipoli shelf (eastern Gulf of Taranto) by the Western Adriatic Current (WAC) • Along the WAC, there is a consistent southward decrease in Po river/northern Apennines provenance and a concomitant decrease in terrestrial (soil) organic matter (OM), whereas the percentage of marine OM increases. • The provenance for Gallipoli shelf sediments is for \~80% attributed to Po River/northern Apennines sources and for \~20% to southern Italian sources. • OM in the eastern Gulf of Taranto contains more marine OM than other areas within the WAC, whereas OM and sediments from the western part of the Gulf of Taranto have a more local, riverine provenanc

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NIL AREP; IA67;
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume: 134
Page Range: pp. 45-56
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.ecss.2013.09.009
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2014 18:15
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2014 17:28
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/2961

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