Fitzgerald, S. D. and Woods, A. W. (2007) On the transition from displacement to mixing ventilation with a localized heat source. Building and Environment, 42. pp. 2210-2217.Full text not available from this repository.
We investigate the steady state natural ventilation of a room heated at the base and consisting of two vents at different levels. We explore how the air flow rate and internal temperature relative to the exterior vary as a function of the vent areas, position of the vents and heat load in order to establish appropriate ventilation strategies for a room. When the room is heated by a distributed source, the room becomes well mixed and the steady state ventilation rate depends on the heating rate, the area of the vents and the distance between the lower and upper level vents. However, when the room is heated by a localised source the room becomes stratified. If the effective ventilation area is sufficiently large, then the interface separating the two layers lies above the inlet vent and the lower layer is comprised of ambient fluid. In this case the upper layer is warmer than in the well mixed case and the ventilation rate is smaller. However, if the effective area for ventilation is sufficiently small, then the interface separating the two layers lies below the inlet vent and the lower layer is comprised of warm fluid which originates as the cold incoming fluid mixes during descent from the vent through the upper layer. In this case both the ventilation rate and the upper layer temperature are the same as in the case of a distributed heat load. As the vertical separation between lower and upper level vents decreases, then the temperature difference between the layers falls to zero and the room becomes approximately well mixed. These findings suggest how the appropriate ventilation strategy for a room can be varied depending on the exterior temperature, with mixing ventilation more suitable for winter conditions and displacement ventilation for warmer external temperatures.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||2007 AREP 2007 P IA53 BPI|
|Subjects:||99 - Other|
|Divisions:||99 - Other|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Building and Environment|
|Page Range:||pp. 2210-2217|
|Depositing User:||Sarah Humbert|
|Date Deposited:||16 Feb 2009 13:02|
|Last Modified:||23 Jul 2013 10:07|
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