Observations of changing anisotropy across the southern margin of the African LLSVP

Cottaar, Sanne and Romanowicz, Barbara (2013) Observations of changing anisotropy across the southern margin of the African LLSVP. Geophysical Journal International, 195 (2). pp. 1184-1195. ISSN ISSN: 0956-540X, ESSN: 1365-246X DOI 10.1093/gji/ggt285

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Official URL: http://gji.oxfordjournals.org/content/195/2/1184

Abstract

We present evidence for the presence of complex anisotropy in the lowermost mantle from 3-D waveform modelling of observed core-diffracted shear waves that sample the southern edge of the African Large Low Shear Velocity Province (LLSVP). The anomalously strong amplitude of the SV component for the shear core-diffracted phase at large distances indicates the presence of anisotropy. We measure shear wave splitting parameters to determine which part of the elastic tensor is constrained by this particular data set. The modelling is performed using the spectral element method. The anisotropy is strong outside the LLSVP, weakens or rotates close to its boundary, and appears to be absent inside the LLSVP. The presence of the LLSVP margin may cause flow in the mantle to change direction. The occurrence of strong anisotropy in the region of fast seismic velocities is compatible with lattice-preferred orientation in post-perovskite due to accommodation of flow through dislocation creep.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NILAREP
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Journal International
Volume: 195
Page Range: pp. 1184-1195
Identification Number: 10.1093/gji/ggt285
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2014 16:26
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2014 16:26
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3101

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