Shear velocity model for the Kyrgyz Tien Shan from joint inversion of receiver function and surface wave data

Gilligan, Amy and Roecker, Steven W. and Priestley, Keith F. and Nunn, Ceri (2014) Shear velocity model for the Kyrgyz Tien Shan from joint inversion of receiver function and surface wave data. Geophysical Journal International, 199 (1). pp. 480-498. ISSN 0956-540X, 1365-246X DOI 10.1093/gji/ggu225

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Official URL: http://gji.oxfordjournals.org/content/199/1/480

Abstract

The Tien Shan is the largest active intracontinental orogenic belt on Earth. To better understand the processes causing mountains to form at great distances from a plate boundary, we analyse passive source seismic data collected on 40 broad-band stations of the MANAS project (2005–2007) and 12 stations of the permanent KRNET seismic network to determine variations in crustal thickness and shear wave speed across the range. We jointly invert P- and S-wave receiver functions with surface wave observations from both earthquakes and ambient noise to reduce the ambiguity inherent in the images obtained from the techniques applied individually. Inclusion of ambient noise data improves constraints on the upper crust by allowing dispersion measurements to be made at shorter periods. Joint inversion can also reduce the ambiguity in interpretation by revealing the extent to which various features in the receiver functions are amplified or eliminated by interference from multiples. The resulting wave speed model shows a variation in crustal thickness across the range. We find that crustal velocities extend to \~75 km beneath the Kokshaal Range, which we attribute to underthrusting of the Tarim Basin beneath the southern Tien Shan. This result supports the plate model of intracontinental convergence. Crustal thickness elsewhere beneath the range is about 50 km, including beneath the Naryn Valley in the central Tien Shan where previous studies reported a shallow Moho. This difference apparently is the result of wave speed variations in the upper crust that were not previously taken into account. Finally, a high velocity lid appears in the upper mantle of the Central and Northern part of the Tien Shan, which we interpret as a remnant of material that may have delaminated elsewhere under the range

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Geophysical Journal International © The Authors 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society.All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2014AREP; IA68;
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Journal International
Volume: 199
Page Range: pp. 480-498
Identification Number: 10.1093/gji/ggu225
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2014 18:37
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2015 02:29
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3167

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