Mg isotope constraints on soil pore-fluid chemistry: Evidence from Santa Cruz, California

Tipper, Edward T. and Gaillardet, J. and Louvat, Pascale and Capmas, F. and White, Art F. (2010) Mg isotope constraints on soil pore-fluid chemistry: Evidence from Santa Cruz, California. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74 (14). pp. 3883-3896. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2010.04.021

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Abstract

Mg isotope ratios (26Mg/24Mg) are reported in soil pore-fluids, rain and seawater, grass and smectite from a 90 kyr old soil, developed on an uplifted marine terrace from Santa Cruz, California. Rain water has an invariant 26Mg/24Mg ratio (expressed as δ 26 Mg ) at -0.79 ± 0.05‰, identical to seawater δ 26 Mg . Detrital smectite (from the base of the soil profile, and therefore unweathered) has a δ 26 Mg value of 0.11‰, potentially enriched in 26Mg by up to 0.3‰ compared to the bulk silicate Earth Mg isotope composition (although within the range of all terrestrial silicates). The soil pore-waters show a continuous profile with depth for δ 26 Mg , ranging from -0.99‰ near the surface to -0.43‰ at the base of the profile. Shallow pore-waters (<1 m) have δ 26 Mg values that are similar to, or slightly lower than the rain waters. This implies that the degree of biological cycling of Mg in the pore-waters is relatively small and is quantified as <32%, calculated using the average Mg isotope enrichment factor between grass and rain ( δ 26 Mg grass - δ 26 Mg rain ) of 0.21‰. The deep pore-waters (1–15 m deep) have δ 26 Mg values that are intermediate between the smectite and rain, ranging from -0.76‰ to -0.43‰, and show a similar trend with depth compared to Sr isotope ratios. The similarity between Sr and Mg isotope ratios confirms that the Mg in the pore-waters can be explained by a mixture between rain and smectite derived Mg, despite the fact that Mg and Sr concentrations may be buffered by the exchangeable reservoir. However, whilst Sr isotope ratios in the pore-waters span almost the complete range between mineral and rain inputs, Mg isotopes compositions are much closer to the rain inputs. If Mg and Sr isotope ratios are controlled uniquely by a mixture, the data can be used to estimate the mineral weathering inputs to the pore-waters, by correcting for the rain inputs. This isotopic correction is compared to the commonly used chloride correction for precipitation inputs. A consistent interpretation is only possible if Mg isotope ratios are fractionated either by the precipitation of a secondary Mg bearing phase, not detected by conventional methods, or selective leaching of 24Mg from smectite. There is therefore dual control on the Mg isotopic composition of the pore-waters, mixing of two inputs with distinct isotopic compositions, modified by fractionation. The data provide (1) further evidence for Mg isotope fractionation at the surface of the Earth and (2) the first field evidence of Mg isotope fractionation during uptake by natural plants. The coherent behaviour of Mg isotope ratios in soil environments is encouraging for the development of Mg isotope ratios as a quantitative tracer of both weathering inputs of Mg to waters, and the physicochemical processes that cycle Mg, a major cation linked to the carbon cycle, during continental weathering.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NIL AREP
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume: 74
Page Range: pp. 3883-3896
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.gca.2010.04.021
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2014 17:30
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2014 17:30
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3173

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