Limpets counteract ocean acidification induced shell corrosion by thickening of aragonitic shell layers

Langer, G. and Nehrke, G. and Baggini, C. and Rodolfo-Metalpa, R. and Hall-Spencer, J. M. and Bijma, J. (2014) Limpets counteract ocean acidification induced shell corrosion by thickening of aragonitic shell layers. Biogeosciences, 11 (24). pp. 7363-7368. ISSN 1726-4170, ESSN: 1726-4189 DOI

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Specimens of the patellogastropod limpet Patella caerulea were collected within (pHlow-shells) and outside (pHn-shells) a CO2 vent site at Ischia, Italy. Four pHlow-shells and four pHn-shells were sectioned transversally and scanned for polymorph distribution by means of confocal Raman microscopy. The pHlow-shells displayed a twofold increase in aragonite area fraction and size-normalised aragonite area. Size-normalised calcite area was halved in pHlow-shells. Taken together with the increased apical and the decreased flank size-normalised thickness of the pHlow-shells, these data led us to conclude that low-pH-exposed P. caerulea specimens counteract shell dissolution by enhanced shell production. This is different from normal elongation growth and proceeds through addition of aragonitic parts only, while the production of calcitic parts is confined to elongation growth. Therefore, aragonite cannot be regarded as a disadvantageous polymorph per se under ocean acidification conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2014AREP; IA68;
Subjects: 04 - Palaeobiology
Divisions: 04 - Palaeobiology
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Biogeosciences
Volume: 11
Page Range: pp. 7363-7368
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2015 17:37
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2015 18:15

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