Garnet and spinel oxybarometers: new internally-consistent multi-equilibria models with applications to the oxidation state of the lithospheric mantle

Miller, W. G. R. and Holland, T. J. B. and Gibson, S. A. (2016) Garnet and spinel oxybarometers: new internally-consistent multi-equilibria models with applications to the oxidation state of the lithospheric mantle. Journal of Petrology, 57 (6). pp. 1199-1222. ISSN Print ISSN 0022-3530 - Online ISSN 1460-2415 DOI 10.1093/petrology/egw037

[img]
Preview
Text
J. Petrology-2016-Miller-1199-222.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Image
F4.medium.gif - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (24kB) | Preview
[img] Text
Miller_et_al-2016-Journal_of_Petrology-AM.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://petrology.oxfordjournals.org/content/57/6/1...

Abstract

New thermodynamic data for skiagite garnet (Fe3Fe23+Si3O12) are derived from experimental phase-equilibrium data that extend to 10 GPa and are applied to oxybarometry of mantle peridotites using a revised six-component garnet mixing model. Skiagite is more stable by 12 kJ mol–1 than in a previous calibration of the equilibrium 2 skiagite = 4 fayalite + ferrosilite + O2, and this leads to calculated oxygen fugacities that are higher (more oxidized) by around 1–1·5 logfO2log⁡fO2 units. A new calculation method and computer program incorporates four independent oxybarometers (including 2 pyrope + 2 andradite + 2 ferrosilite = 2 grossular + 4 fayalite + 3 enstatite + O2) for use on natural peridotite samples to yield optimum logfO2log⁡fO2 estimates by the method of least squares. These estimates should be more robust than those based on any single barometer and allow assessment of possible disequilibrium in assemblages. A new set of independent oxybarometers for spinel-bearing peridotites is also presented here, including a new reaction 2 magnetite + 3 enstatite = 3 fayalite + 3 forsterite + O2. These recalibrations combined with internally consistent PT determinations for published analyses of mantle peridotites with analysed Fe2O3 data for garnets, from both cratonic (Kaapvaal, Siberia and Slave) and circumcratonic (Baikal Rift) regions, provide revised estimates of oxidation state in the lithospheric mantle. Estimates of logfO2log⁡fO2 for spinel assemblages are more reduced than those based on earlier calibrations, whereas garnet-bearing assemblages are more oxidized. Importantly, this lessens considerably the difference between garnet and spinel oxybarometry that was observed with previous published calibrations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2014AREP; IA68;
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
06 - Part-III Projects
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Petrology
Volume: 57
Page Range: pp. 1199-1222
Identification Number: 10.1093/petrology/egw037
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2015 11:26
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2016 16:11
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3257

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

About cookies