Static and dynamic strain coupling behaviour of ferroic and multiferroic perovskites from resonant ultrasound spectroscopy

Carpenter, M. A. (2015) Static and dynamic strain coupling behaviour of ferroic and multiferroic perovskites from resonant ultrasound spectroscopy. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 27 (26). p. 263201. ISSN 0953-8984, 1361-648X DOI

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Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (RUS) provides a window on the pervasive influence of strain coupling at phase transitions in perovskites through determination of elastic and anelastic relaxations across wide temperature intervals and with the application of external fields. In particular, large variations of elastic constants occur at structural, ferroelectric and electronic transitions and, because of the relatively long interaction length provided by strain fields in a crystal, Landau theory provides an effective formal framework for characterizing their form and magnitude. At the same time, the Debye equations provide a robust description of dynamic relaxational processes involving the mobility of defects which are coupled with strain. Improper ferroelastic transitions driven by octahedral tilting in KMnF3, LaAlO3, (Ca,Sr)TiO3, Sr(Ti,Zr)O3 and BaCeO3 are accompanied by elastic softening of tens of % and characteristic patterns of acoustic loss due to the mobility of twin walls. RUS data for ferroelectrics and ferroelectric relaxors, including BaTiO3, (K,Na)NbO3,Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN), Pb(Sc1/2Ta1/2)O3 (PST), (Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3)0.955(PbTiO3)0.045 (PZN-PT) and (Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3)0.26(Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3)0.44(PbTiO3)0.30 (PIN-PMN-PT) show similar patterns of softening and attenuation but also have precursor softening associated with the development of polar nano regions. Defect-induced ferroelectricity occurs in KTaO3, without the development of long range ordering. By way of contrast, spin–lattice coupling is much more variable in strength, as reflected in a greater range of softening behaviour for Pr0.48Ca0.52MnO3 and Sm0.6Y0.4MnO3 as well as for the multiferroic perovskites EuTiO3,BiFeO3, Bi0.9Sm0.1FeO3, Bi0.9Nd0.1FeO3, (BiFeO3)0.64(CaFeO2.5)0.36, (Pb(Fe0.5Ti0.5)O3)0.4(Pb(Zr0.53Ti0.47)O3)0.6. A characteristic feature of transitions in which there is a significant Jahn–Teller component is softening as the transition point is approached from above, as illustrated by PrAlO3, and this is suppressed by application of an external magnetic field in the colossal magnetoresistive manganite Pr0.48Ca0.52MnO3 or by reducing grain size in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3. Spin state transitions for Co3+ in LaCoO3, NdCoO3 and GdCoO3 produce changes in the shear modulus that scale with a spin state order parameter, which is itself coupled with the order parameter(s) for octahedral tilting in a linear-quadratic manner. A new class of phase transitions in perovskites, due to orientational or conformational ordering of organic molecules on the crystallographic A-site of metal organic frameworks, is illustrated for [(CH3)2NH2]Co(HCOO)3 and [(CH2)3NH2]Mn(HCOO)3 which also display elastic and anelastic anomalies due to the influence of intrinsic and extrinsic strain relaxation behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2015AREP; IA69;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Volume: 27
Page Range: p. 263201
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2015 12:09
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2015 14:22

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