Northeast Indian stalagmite records Pacific decadal climate change: Implications for moisture transport and drought in India

Myers, Christopher G. and Oster, Jessica L. and Sharp, Warren D. and Bennartz, Ralf and Kelley, Neil P. and Covey, Aaron K. and Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M. (2015) Northeast Indian stalagmite records Pacific decadal climate change: Implications for moisture transport and drought in India. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (10). pp. 4124-4132. ISSN 0094–8276 DOI 10.1002/2015GL063826

[img]
Preview
Image
sfmb2.png - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
grl52936.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
grl52936-sup-0001-Supplementary.pdf - Supplemental Material

Download (8MB) | Preview
Official URL: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015GL063826

Abstract

Two types of El Niño events are distinguished by sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies centered in the central or eastern equatorial Pacific. The Central Pacific El Niño events (CP-El Niño) are more highly correlated with weakening of the central Indian Summer Monsoon and linked to decadal Pacific climate variability. We present a 50 year, subannually resolved speleothem δ18O record from northeast India that exhibits a significant correlation with northern Pacific decadal variability and central equatorial Pacific SSTs. Accordingly, we suggest that δ18O time series in similar northeast Indian speleothems are effective tools for investigating preinstrumental changes in Pacific climate, including changes in El Niño dynamics. In contrast to central India, rainfall amounts in northeast India are relatively unaffected by El Niño. However, back trajectory analysis indicates that during CP-El Niño events moisture transport distance to northeast India is reduced, suggesting that variations in moisture transport primarily control δ18O in the region.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2015AREP; IA69;
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
08 - Green Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Research Letters
Volume: 42
Page Range: pp. 4124-4132
Identification Number: 10.1002/2015GL063826
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2015 17:10
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2015 01:00
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3464

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

About cookies