Organization and mode of secretion of the granular prismatic microstructure of Entodesma navicula (Bivalvia: Mollusca)

Harper, E. M. and Checa, A. G. and Rodriguez-Navarro, A. B. (2008) Organization and mode of secretion of the granular prismatic microstructure of Entodesma navicula (Bivalvia: Mollusca). Acta Zoologica, 89. pp. 132-141. DOI 10.1111/j.1463-6395.2008.00338.x

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6395.2008.00338.x

Abstract

The term homogeneous has been applied to molluscan microstructures that lack a readily discernible microstructure and as a result, it has become rather a 'dustbin' term, covering a multitude of unrelated finely crystalline textures. Here we investigate in detail the outer 'homogeneous' layer of the lyonsiid bivalve Entodesma navicula. The apparently equigranular crystals (up to 10 µm) are, in fact, short prisms which grow in a dense organic matrix with their c-axes and fibre axes coincident, perpendicular to the growth surface. These prisms are distinct from the aragonitic prisms grown by other bivalves in both their morphology and their mode of growth and so we propose the term granular prismatic microstructure. The organic content of granular prisms (7.4%) is the highest yet recorded for any molluscan microstructure and it is apparent that the short prisms have grown within a gel-filled space. Although this high organic content is likely to make the microstructure metabolically expensive to produce, it has the benefit of making the valves very flexible. This may be advantageous in the intertidal zone inhabited by E. navicula by allowing a tight seal between the valves.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 08AREP IA56 2008 P
Subjects: 04 - Palaeobiology
03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 04 - Palaeobiology
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Zoologica
Volume: 89
Page Range: pp. 132-141
Identification Number: 10.1111/j.1463-6395.2008.00338.x
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:02
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:07
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/350

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