Stable isotope characterization of pedogenic and lacustrine carbonates from the Chinese Tian Shan: Constraints on the Mesozoicâ-Lower Cenozoic palaeoenvironmental evolution

Heilbronn, G. and Boulvais, P. and Marchand, E. and Robin, C. and Bourquin, S. and Barrier, L. and Jia, Y. and Fu, B. and Jolivet, M. (2015) Stable isotope characterization of pedogenic and lacustrine carbonates from the Chinese Tian Shan: Constraints on the Mesozoicâ-Lower Cenozoic palaeoenvironmental evolution. Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, 75 (1). pp. 133-141. ISSN 0009-2819 DOI 10.1016/j.chemer.2014.11.004

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Abstract

In the Mesozoic–Cenozoic continental deposits of the Tian Shan area, two main levels containing pedogenic carbonates have been identified on both the southern and northern foothills of the range: one in the Upper Jurassic series and one in the Upper Cretaceous–Lower Palaeocene series. In order to reconstruct the palaeoenvironmental and palaeotopographic characteristics of the Tian Shan area during these two periods, we measured the oxygen and carbon isotope composition of these pedogenic carbonates (calcrete and nodules). The stable isotope compositions are homogeneous: most δ18O values are between 21 and 25‰ and most δ13C values are between −4 and −6‰. No distinction can be made between the calcrete and nodule isotopic compositions. The constancy of isotopic values across the Tian Shan is evidence of a development of these calcification features in similar palaeoenvironmental conditions. The main inference is that no significant relief existed in that area at the Cretaceous−Palaeogene boundary, implying that most of the present relief developed later, during the Cenozoic. In addition to the pedogenic carbonates, few beds of limestones interstratified in the Jurassic series of the southern foothills display oxygen and carbon isotope compositions typical of lacustrine carbonates, ruling out brackish water incursion at that period in the region.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2015AREP; IA69; CASP;
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry
Volume: 75
Page Range: pp. 133-141
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.chemer.2014.11.004
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2015 16:38
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2015 15:50
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3502

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