Elastic and anelastic relaxation behaviour of perovskite multiferroics II: PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3 (PZT)–PbFe0.5Ta0.5O3 (PFT)

Schiemer, J. A. and Lascu, I. and Harrison, R. J. and Kumar, A. and Katiyar, R. S. and Sanchez, D. A. and Ortega, N. and Mejia, C. Salazar and Schnelle, W. and Shinohara, H. and Heap, A. J. F. and Nagaratnam, R. and Dutton, S. E. and Scott, J. F. and Nair, B. and Mathur, N. D. and Carpenter, M. A. (2016) Elastic and anelastic relaxation behaviour of perovskite multiferroics II: PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3 (PZT)–PbFe0.5Ta0.5O3 (PFT). Journal of Materials Science. ISSN 0022-2461 (Print) 1573-4803 (Online) DOI 10.1007/s10853-016-0330-9

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0330-9

Abstract

Elastic and anelastic properties of ceramic samples of multiferroic perovskites with nominal compositions across the binary join PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3–PbFe0.5Ta0.5O3 (PZT–PFT) have been assembled to create a binary phase diagram and to address the role of strain relaxation associated with their phase transitions. Structural relationships are similar to those observed previously for PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3–PbFe0.5Nb0.5O3 (PZT–PFN), but the magnitude of the tetragonal shear strain associated with the ferroelectric order parameter appears to be much smaller. This leads to relaxor character for the development of ferroelectric properties in the end member PbFe0.5Ta0.5O3. As for PZT–PFN, there appear to be two discrete instabilities rather than simply a reorientation of the electric dipole in the transition sequence cubic–tetragonal–monoclinic, and the second transition has characteristics typical of an improper ferroelastic. At intermediate compositions, the ferroelastic microstructure has strain heterogeneities on a mesoscopic length scale and, probably, also on a microscopic scale. This results in a wide anelastic freezing interval for strain-related defects rather than the freezing of discrete twin walls that would occur in a conventional ferroelastic material. In PFT, however, the acoustic loss behaviour more nearly resembles that due to freezing of conventional ferroelastic twin walls. Precursor softening of the shear modulus in both PFT and PFN does not fit with a Vogel–Fulcher description, but in PFT there is a temperature interval where the softening conforms to a power law suggestive of the role of fluctuations of the order parameter with dispersion along one branch of the Brillouin zone. Magnetic ordering appears to be coupled only weakly with a volume strain and not with shear strain but, as with multiferroic PZT–PFN perovskites, takes place within crystals which have significant strain heterogeneities on different length scales.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The data for this paper can be found at: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/3748/
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2016AREP; IA71
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Materials Science
Identification Number: 10.1007/s10853-016-0330-9
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2016 16:05
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2016 16:05
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3751

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