Low-density superhard materials: computational study of Li-inserted B-substituted closo-carboranes LiBC11and Li2B2C10

Feng, Xiaolei and Zhang, Xinyu and Liu, Hanyu and Qu, Xin and Redfern, Simon A. T. and Tse, John S. and Li, Quan (2016) Low-density superhard materials: computational study of Li-inserted B-substituted closo-carboranes LiBC11and Li2B2C10. RSC Advances, 6 (58). pp. 52695-52699. ISSN 2046-2069 DOI 10.1039/C6RA10177A

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA10177A

Abstract

Insertion of Li atoms into a B-substituted carbon cage produces two superhard compounds with relatively low density: LiBC11 and Li2B2C10. For each structure, phonon frequencies across the whole Brillouin zone are positive, indicating dynamic stability. Electronic structure calculations indicate that they are semiconductors under ambient conditions. Estimates of the Vickers hardness, based on a semi-empirical model, highlight the incompressible nature of these two compounds. We then performed calculations on the ideal strengths of these two structures to confirm the hardness and investigate origins of the mechanical properties. Strikingly, both LiBC11 and Li2B2C10 can be classed as superhard materials, with hardness values of 49 GPa and 41 GPa, respectively. The current results shed light on the properties of new superhard carbon cage structures more generally.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2016AREP; IA71;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
08 - Green Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: RSC Advances
Volume: 6
Page Range: pp. 52695-52699
Identification Number: 10.1039/C6RA10177A
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2016 11:28
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 11:31
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3790

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