Cooperative Jahn–Teller effect and the role of strain in the tetragonal-to-cubic phase transition in MgxCu1

Tarantino, S. C. and Giannini, M. and Carpenter, M. A. and Zema, M. (2016) Cooperative Jahn–Teller effect and the role of strain in the tetragonal-to-cubic phase transition in MgxCu1. IUCrJ, 3 (5). pp. 354-366. ISSN 2052-2525 DOI 10.1107/S2052252516012574

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Abstract

Temperature and composition dependences of the I41/amd → [Fd\bar 3m] phase transition in the MgxCu1 − xCr2O4 spinel solid solution, due to the melting of the cooperative Jahn–Teller distortion, have been studied by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystals with x = 0, 0.10, 0.18, 0.43, 0.46, 0.53, 1 were grown by flux decomposition methods. All crystals have been refined in the tetragonal I41/amd space group except for the Mg end-member, which has cubic symmetry. In MgxCu1 − xCr2O4 the progressive substitution of the Jahn–Teller, d9 Cu2+ cation with spherical and closed-shell Mg2+ has a substantial effect on the crystal structure, such that there is a gradual reduction of the splitting of a and c unit-cell parameters and flattening of the tetrahedra. Single-crystal diffraction data collected in situ up to T = 1173 K show that the tetragonal-to-cubic transition temperature decreases with increasing Mg content. The strength of the Cu—Cu interaction is, in effect, modulated by varying the Cu/Mg ratio. Structure refinements of diffraction data collected at different temperatures reveal that heating results in a gradual reduction in the tetrahedron compression, which remains significant until near the transition temperature, however, at which point the distortion of the tetrahedra rapidly vanishes. The spontaneous strain arising in the tetragonal phase is large, amounting to 10% shear strain, et, and ∼ 1% volume strain, Vs, in the copper chromite end-member at room temperature. Observed strain relationships are consistent with pseudoproper ferroelastic behaviour ([e_{\rm t}^2] ∝ Vs ∝ [q_{\rm JT}^2], where qJT is the order parameter). The I41/amd → [Fd\bar 3m] phase transition is first order in character for Cu-rich samples and then evolves towards second-order character. Although a third order term is permitted by symmetry in the Landau expansion, this behaviour appears to be more accurately represented by a 246 expansion with a change from negative to positive values of the fourth-order coefficient with progressive dilution of the Jahn–Teller cation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2016AREP; IA71;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: IUCrJ
Volume: 3
Page Range: pp. 354-366
Identification Number: 10.1107/S2052252516012574
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2017 11:18
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2017 11:18
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3801

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