Diffusive over-hydration of olivine-hosted melt inclusions

Hartley, Margaret E. and Neave, David A. and Maclennan, John and Edmonds, Marie and Thordarson, Thor (2015) Diffusive over-hydration of olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 425. pp. 168-178. ISSN 0012-821X DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.06.008

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.06.008

Abstract

The pre-eruptive water content of magma is often estimated using crystal-hosted melt inclusions. However, olivine-hosted melt inclusions are prone to post-entrapment modification by H+ diffusion as they re-equilibrate with their external environment. This effect is well established for the case of H+ loss from olivine-hosted inclusions that have cooled slowly in degassed magma. Here we present evidence for the opposite effect: the addition of H+ into inclusions that are held in melts that are enriched in H2O with respect to the trapped melts. The compositional variability in a suite of 211 olivine-hosted inclusions from the Laki and Skuggafjöll eruptions in Iceland's Eastern Volcanic Zone indicates that diffusive H+ gain governs the H2O content of incompatible trace element depleted inclusions. Individual eruptive units contain olivine-hosted inclusions with widely varying incompatible element concentrations but near-constant H2O. Furthermore, over 40% of the inclusions have H2O/Ce>380H2O/Ce>380, significantly higher than the H2O/Ce expected in primary Icelandic melts or mid-ocean ridge basalts (150–280). The fact that the highest H2O/Ce ratios are found in the most incompatible element depleted inclusions indicates that hydration is a consequence of the concurrent mixing and crystallisation of compositionally diverse primary melts. Hydration occurs when olivines containing depleted inclusions with low H2O contents are juxtaposed against more hydrous melts during mixing. Melt inclusions from a single eruption may preserve evidence of both diffusive H+ loss and H+ gain. Trace element data are therefore vital for determining H2O contents of melt inclusions at the time of inclusion trapping and, ultimately, the H2O content of the mantle source regions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2015AREP; IA69
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume: 425
Page Range: pp. 168-178
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.06.008
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2017 01:04
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2017 01:04
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3891

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