Elastic and anelastic relaxations accompanying relaxor ferroelectric behaviour of Ba6GaNb9O30 tetragonal tungsten bronze from resonant ultrasound spectroscopy

Rotaru, Andrei and Schiemer, Jason A. and Carpenter, Michael A. (2016) Elastic and anelastic relaxations accompanying relaxor ferroelectric behaviour of Ba6GaNb9O30 tetragonal tungsten bronze from resonant ultrasound spectroscopy. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 124 (2). pp. 571-583. ISSN 1388-6150 DOI 10.1007/s10973-015-5202-z

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-015-5202-z

Abstract

Tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) structures offer some promise as lead-free ferroelectrics and have an advantage of great flexibility in terms of accessible composition ranges due to the number of crystallographic sites available for chemical substitution. The ferroic properties of interest are coupled with strain, which will be important in the context of stability, switching dynamics and thin film properties. Coupling of strain with the ferroelectric order parameter gives rise to changes in elastic properties, and these have been investigated for a ceramic sample of Ba6GaNb9O30 (BGNO) by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy. Room temperature values of the shear and bulk moduli for BGNO are rather higher than for TTBs with related composition which are orthorhombic at room temperature, consistent with suppression of the ferroelectric transition. Instead, a broad, rounded minimum in the shear modulus measured at ~1 MHz is accompanied by a broad rounded maximum in acoustic loss near 115 K and signifies relaxor freezing behaviour. Elastic softening with falling temperature from room temperature, ahead of the freezing interval, is attributed to the development of dynamical polar nanoregions (PNRs), whilst the nonlinear stiffening below ~115 K is consistent with a spectrum of relaxation times for freezing of the PNR microstructure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2015AREP; IA69;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Volume: 124
Page Range: pp. 571-583
Identification Number: 10.1007/s10973-015-5202-z
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2017 01:12
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2017 01:12
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3893

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