Chondritic Mg isotope composition of the Earth

Bourdon, Bernard and Tipper, Edward T. and Fitoussi, Caroline and Stracke, Andreas (2010) Chondritic Mg isotope composition of the Earth. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 74 (17). pp. 5069-5083. ISSN 0016-7037 DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.06.008

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.06.008

Abstract

The processes of planetary accretion and differentiation have potentially been recorded as variations in the stable isotope ratios of the major elements between planetary objects. However, the magnitude of observed isotopic variations for several elements (Mg, Fe, Si) is at the limit of what current analytical precision and accuracy are able to resolve. Here, we present a comprehensive data set of Mg isotope ratios measured in ocean island and mid-ocean ridge basalts, peridotites and chondrites. The precision and accuracy were verified by isotopic standard addition for two samples, one carbonaceous chondrite (Murchison) and one continental flood basalt (BCR-1). In contrast with some previous studies, our data from terrestrial and chondritic materials have invariant Mg isotope ratios within the uncertainty of the method (0.1‰ for the 26Mg/24Mg ratio, 2SD). Although isotopic variations of less than about 0.1‰ could still be present, the data demonstrate that, at this level of uncertainty, the bulk silicate Earth and chondritic Mg reservoir have a homogeneous δ26Mg = −0.23‰ (26Mg/24Mg ratio of the sample relative to the DSM3 standard set to zero by definition). This implies that neither planetary accretion processes nor partial mantle melting and subsequent shallow-level differentiation have fractionated Mg isotope ratios. These observations imply in particular that the formation of the Earth cannot stem from preferential sorting of chondrite constituents that would have been fractionated in their Mg isotope composition. It also implies that unlike oxygen isotopes, there was no zonation in Mg isotopes in the inner solar system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NILAREP
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume: 74
Page Range: pp. 5069-5083
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.06.008
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2017 21:43
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2017 21:43
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3935

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