Dispersion in two-dimensional turbulent buoyant plumes

Rocco, Stefano and Woods, Andrew W. (2015) Dispersion in two-dimensional turbulent buoyant plumes. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 774. ISSN 0022-1120, ESSN: 1469-7645 DOI 10.1017/jfm.2015.260

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2015.260

Abstract

Using high-resolution imaging and dye studies, we investigate experimentally the mixing of a tracer by the eddies within a two-dimensional turbulent buoyant plume. Instantaneously, the plume consists of a series of eddies, and at each point along the centreline of the plume, the along-plume speed of the leading edge of the eddies we≈1.3f1/3 , where f is the buoyancy flux, while the product of the length scale, A , and frequency, ω , of the eddies ωA≈0.15f1/3 . The circulation and flow associated with the eddies lead to longitudinal mixing relative to the mean flow. To illustrate this mixing, we analyse the evolution of the horizontally averaged dye front produced by adding a constant flux of dye to a steady plume for times t>0 . We show that the centre of mass of the horizontally averaged dye front has an along-plume speed ≈1.04f1/3 . This is consistent with the predictions of a time-averaged model for the evolution of the horizontally averaged mass, momentum and buoyancy flux in the plume. The new data also show that the longitudinal spreading of the horizontally averaged dye front can be described in terms of a dispersivity ≈0.02f1/3z , where z is the vertical distance below the source. This model of longitudinal mixing enables calculation of the residence time distribution of material in the plume, which may be key to modelling the products of a reaction in which the reaction time is comparable to the travel time in the plume.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2015AREP; IA70
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
99 - Other
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume: 774
Identification Number: 10.1017/jfm.2015.260
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2017 16:30
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 16:30
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/3984

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