Age and hafnium isotopic evolution of the Didesa and Kemashi Domains, western Ethiopia

Blades, Morgan L and Collins, Alan S and Foden, John and Payne, Justin L and Xu, Xiaochen and Alemu, Tadesse and Woldetinsae, Girma and Clark, Chris and Taylor, Richard J. M. (2015) Age and hafnium isotopic evolution of the Didesa and Kemashi Domains, western Ethiopia. Precambrian Research, 270. pp. 267-284. ISSN 0301-9268 DOI 10.1016/j.precamres.2015.09.018

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Abstract

The Western Ethiopian Shield (WES) forms a vast, underexplored, region of the East African Orogen. Lying towards the west of the orogen and between the dominantly juvenile Arabian-Nubian Shield in the north and the high-grade Mozambique Belt to its south, it holds a key position; vital in understanding the role of the East African Orogen in Gondwana formation. The WES is made up of a range of supra-crustal and plutonic rocks that formed in Tonian volcanic arc environments. The relative timing and duration of arc formation within the East African Orogen is still slowly being unravelled and we present new U-Pb and Hf isotopic data from zircons that help to define the maximum depositional age and provenance of the protoliths to meta-sedimentary units, as well as constrain the age of igneous intrusions located within the WES. Detrital zircons, obtained from a meta-sandstone, yield provenance age peaks at 2.8–2.4 Ga, ca. 1.8 Ga and 1.15–0.84 Ga and a maximum depositional age of 838 ± 13 Ma. Hafnium isotopes from the same zircons demonstrate that both the oldest and youngest populations have broadly juvenile Hf isotopic values. However, the ca. 1.8 Ga population shows significantly evolved Hf isotopic values. Sensitive High Resolution Ion MicroProbe (SHRIMP) U-Pb ages from two granites and a felsic granite and hornblende + biotite tonalite in the Nekempt–Ghimbi region of the Western Ethiopian Shield (Didesa and Kemashi Domains) indicate two pulses of magmatism at 850–840 Ma and 780–760 Ma. Partial melting and deformation in the Didesa Terrane occurred at ca. 660 Ma. Further west, the post-tectonic Ganjii granite yielded a 206Pb/238U age of 584 ± 10 Ma, constraining pervasive deformation in the area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NILAREP;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Precambrian Research
Volume: 270
Page Range: pp. 267-284
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.precamres.2015.09.018
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 10:12
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 10:12
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4029

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