Curious bivalves: Systematic utility and unusual properties of anomalodesmatan mitochondrial genomes.

Williams, ST and Foster, PG and Hughes, C and Harper, E. M. and Taylor, JD and Littlewood, DTJ and Dyal, P and Hopkins, KP and Briscoe, AG (2017) Curious bivalves: Systematic utility and unusual properties of anomalodesmatan mitochondrial genomes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 110. pp. 60-72. ISSN 1055-7903 DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.03.004

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Abstract

Mitogenomic trees for Bivalvia have proved problematic in the past, but several highly divergent lineages were missing from these analyses and increased representation of these groups may yet improve resolution. Here, we add seven new sequences from the Anomalodesmata and one unidentified semelid species (Bryopa lata, Euciroa cf. queenslandica, Laternula elliptica, Laternula truncata, Lyonsia norwegica, Myadora brevis, Tropidomya abbreviata, "Abra" sp.). We show that relationships in a mitogenomic tree for the Class are improved by the addition of seven anomalodesmatans from this highly divergent clade, but are still not completely consistent with relationships recovered in studies of nuclear genes. We suggest that some anomalous relationships (for instance the non-monophyly of Bivalvia) may be partially explained by compositional heterogeneity in the mitogenome and suggest that the addition of more taxa may help resolve both this effect and possible instances of long branch attraction. We also identify several curious features about anomalodesmatan mitogenomes. For example, many protein-coding gene boundaries are poorly defined in marine bivalves, but particularly so in anomalodesmatans, primarily due to non-conserved boundary sequences. The use of transcriptomic and genomic data together enabled better definition of gene boundaries, the identification of possible pseudogenes and suggests that most genes are translated monocistronically, which contrasts with many other studies. We also identified a possible case of gene duplication of ND5 in Myadora brevis (Myochamidae). Mitogenome size in the Anomalodesmata ranges from very small compact molecules, with the smallest for Laternula elliptica (Laternulidae) only 14,622bp, to Bryopa lata (Clavagellidae) which is at least 31,969bp long and may be >40,000bp. Finally, sampled species show a high degree of sequence divergence and variable gene order, although intraspecific variation in Laternula elliptica is very low.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2017AREP; IA72
Subjects: 04 - Palaeobiology
Divisions: 04 - Palaeobiology
Journal or Publication Title: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Volume: 110
Page Range: pp. 60-72
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.03.004
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 11:35
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2018 11:35
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4104

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