A 120-year record of resilience to environmental change in brachiopods

Cross, Emma L. and Harper, Elizabeth M. and Peck, Lloyd S. (2018) A 120-year record of resilience to environmental change in brachiopods. Global Change Biology. ISSN 1354-1013 DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14085

Cross_et_al-2018-Global_Change_Biology.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview
[img] Text
gcb14085-sup-0001-Supinfo.docx - Supplemental Material

Download (6MB)
Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14085


The inability of organisms to cope in changing environments poses a major threat to their survival. Rising carbon dioxide concentrations, recently exceeding 400 μatm, are rapidly warming and acidifying our oceans. Current understanding of organism responses to this environmental phenomenon is based mainly on relatively short‐ to medium‐term laboratory and field experiments, which cannot evaluate the potential for long‐term acclimation and adaptation, the processes identified as most important to confer resistance. Here, we present data from a novel approach that assesses responses over a centennial timescale showing remarkable resilience to change in a species predicted to be vulnerable. Utilising museum collections allows the assessment of how organisms have coped with past environmental change. It also provides a historical reference for future climate change responses. We evaluated a unique specimen collection of a single species of brachiopod (Calloria inconspicua) collected every decade from 1900 to 2014 from one sampling site. The majority of brachiopod shell characteristics remained unchanged over the past century. One response, however, appears to reinforce their shell by constructing narrower punctae (shell perforations) and laying down more shell. This study indicates one of the most calcium‐carbonate‐dependent species globally to be highly resilient to environmental change over the last 120 years and provides a new insight for how similar species might react and possibly adapt to future change.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2018AREP; IA74
Subjects: 04 - Palaeobiology
Divisions: 04 - Palaeobiology
07 - Gold Open Access
12 - PhD
Journal or Publication Title: Global Change Biology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14085
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 12:17
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 13:23
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4133

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

About cookies