A petrochronological approach for the detrital record: Tracking mm-sized eclogite clasts in the northern Canadian Cordillera

Kellett, Dawn A. and Weller, Owen M. and Zagorevski, Alex and Regis, Daniele (2018) A petrochronological approach for the detrital record: Tracking mm-sized eclogite clasts in the northern Canadian Cordillera. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 494. pp. 23-31. ISSN 0012 821X DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.036

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.036


Sutures recording the accretion history of the Canadian Cordillera terranes are poorly preserved. The Whitehorse trough syn-orogenic basin formed during early Mesozoic terrane accretion at the western margin of Laurentia and contains a ∼300 m thick horizon that includes eclogite clasts possibly sourced from a suture zone. By applying petrochronological micro-analytical techniques to the mm-diameter eclogite clasts, including thermobarometry and in situ rutile thermochronology, as well as detrital zircon geochronology and thermal diffusion modeling, we constrain a source-to-sink path for the clasts. The eclogite clasts likely reached peak metamorphic conditions of 2.2–2.9 GPa and ≥800 °C, cooled through Pb closure in rutile during Early Jurassic at ≥610 °C and were deposited into the basin by latest Pliensbachian/earliest Toarcian. This history implies minimum mean cooling and exhumation rates on the order of ∼38 °C/myr and ∼4.1 km/myr, respectively, consistent with rates reported for subduction-related eclogite worldwide. We suggest the most likely source for the clasts is the suture between the Yukon–Tanana and Stikinia terranes, involving a latest Triassic collision, followed by rapid Early Jurassic exhumation of the lower plate Yukon–Tanana terrane, either by buoyant extrusion or in a plate boundary zone metamorphic core complex. Our study demonstrates that micro-analytical techniques used for petrochronology can be applied to very small lithic clasts in the sedimentary record towards the tectonic reconstruction of accretionary orogens.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NILAREP; IA74
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume: 494
Page Range: pp. 23-31
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.036
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2018 10:34
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 17:28
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4287

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