Melting of peridotites through to granites: a simple thermodynamic model in the system KNCFMASHTOCr

Holland, Tim J. B. and Green, Eleanor C R and Powell, Roger (2018) Melting of peridotites through to granites: a simple thermodynamic model in the system KNCFMASHTOCr. Journal of Petrology. ISSN 0022-3530 DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egy048

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egy048

Abstract

A new set of thermodynamic models is presented for calculating phase relations in bulk compositions extending from peridotite to granite, from 0.001 to 70 kbar and from 650 °C to peridotite liquidus temperatures, in the system K2O–Na2O–CaO–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O–TiO2–Fe2O3–Cr2O3 (KNCFMASHTOCr). The models may be used to calculate phase equilibria in partial melting of a large range of mantle and crustal compositions. They provide a good fit to experimental phase relation topologies and melt compositions across the compositional range of the model. Compared with the preliminary model of Jennings & Holland (2015) for peridotite–basalt melting relations, the inclusion of K2O and TiO2 allows for better modelling of small melt fractions in peridotite melting, and in reproducing rutile-bearing eclogite melting at high pressures. An improved order–disorder model for spinel is now incorporated. Above 10 kbar pressure, wet partial melting relations may be significantly affected by the dissolution of silicates in aqueous fluid, so the set of models includes an aqueous low-density silicate-bearing fluid in addition to a high-density H2O-bearing silicate melt. Oxygen fugacity may be readily calculated for the whole range of bulk compositions investigated, and the effect of water content on melt fO2 is assessed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2018AREP; IA74
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Petrology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egy048
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2018 11:04
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 17:19
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4290

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