Water chemistry reveals a significant decline in coral calcification rates in the southern Red Sea

Steiner, Zvi and Turchyn, Alexandra V. and Harpaz, Eyal and Silverman, Jacob (2018) Water chemistry reveals a significant decline in coral calcification rates in the southern Red Sea. Nature Communications, 9 (1). ISSN 2041-1723 DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06030-6

[img] Text
s41467-018-06030-6.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (950kB)
[img] Text
41467_2018_6030_MOESM1_ESM.pdf - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06030-6

Abstract

Experimental and field evidence support the assumption that global warming and ocean acidification is decreasing rates of calcification in the oceans. Local measurements of coral growth rates in reefs from various locations have suggested a decline of ~6–10% per decade since the late 1990's. Here, by measuring open water strontium-to-alkalinity ratios along the Red Sea, we show that the net contribution of hermatypic corals to the CaCO3 budget of the southern and central Red Sea declined by ~100% between 1998 and 2015 and remained low between 2015 and 2018. Measured differences in total alkalinity of the Red Sea surface water indicate a 26 ± 16% decline in total CaCO3 deposition rates along the basin. These findings suggest that coral reefs of the southern Red Sea are under severe stress and demonstrate the strength of geochemical measurements as cost-effective indicators for calcification trends on regional scales.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2018AREP; IA73
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
07 - Gold Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Nature Communications
Volume: 9
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06030-6
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 13:46
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2018 13:46
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4328

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

About cookies