Some fluid mechanical constraints on crystallization and recharge within sills

Woods, Andrew W. and Stock, Michael J. (2019) Some fluid mechanical constraints on crystallization and recharge within sills. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 377 (2139). p. 20180007. ISSN 1364-503X DOI https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2018.0007

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Abstract

The injection of hot magma into a sill can lead to heating and melting of the walls and roof of the reservoir while the injected magma cools and crystallizes. If the crystals are relatively dense, they will try to sediment from the injected magma to form a cumulate layer. In this cumulate layer, the crystals form a porous framework which traps the melt as it is built up. As the melt within the sill continually cools and precipitates dense crystals, there will be a gradual reduction in the density of the remaining silicate liquid. As a result, the melt which is progressively trapped in the pore space of the cumulate layer will become stably stratified in density. Using an idealized model of the fluid mechanical and thermodynamical principles, we explore some of the controls on the thickness and density stratification of cumulate layers following replenishment of a sill-like magma chamber. We show the balance between jamming of the crystal laden melt to form a homogeneous layer and the formation of a stratified cumulate zone depends on the cooling time scale compared to the sedimentation time scale. A key finding is that the composition and stratification in a packed crystal–melt suspension and the associated cumulate layer formed by cooling an intrusion of hot melt injected into the crust may have considerable variability, depending on the properties of the overlying roof melt and the size and hence fall speed of crystals which form in the melt.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2018AREP; IA74
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume: 377
Page Range: p. 20180007
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2018.0007
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2019 11:18
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2019 11:18
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4378

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