Paleomagnetic evidence for a partially differentiated ordinary chondrite parent asteroid

Bryson, J. F. J and Weiss, B. P. and Getzin, B. and Abrahams, J. N. H. and Nimmo, F. and Scholl, A. (2019) Paleomagnetic evidence for a partially differentiated ordinary chondrite parent asteroid. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. ISSN 21699097 DOI https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JE005951

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JE005951

Abstract

The textures and accretion ages of chondrites have been used to argue that their parent asteroids never differentiated. Without a core, undifferentiated planetesimals could not have generated magnetic fields through dynamo activity, so chondrites are not expected to have experienced such fields. However, the magnetic remanence carried by the CV chondrites is consistent with dynamo‐generated fields, hinting that partially differentiated asteroids consisting of an unmelted crust atop a differentiated interior may exist. Here, we test this hypothesis by applying synchrotron X‐ray microscopy to metallic veins in the slowly‐cooled H6 chondrite Portales Valley. The magnetic remanence carried by nanostructures in these veins indicates this meteorite recorded a magnetic field over a period of tens to hundreds of years at ∼100 Myr after solar system formation. These properties are inconsistent with external field sources such as the nebula, solar wind, or impacts, but are consistent with dynamo‐generated fields, indicating that the H chondrite parent body contained an advecting metallic core and was therefore partially differentiated. We calculate the thermal evolution of the chondritic portions of partially differentiated asteroids that form through incremental accretion across 105 ‐ 106 years, finding this can agree with the measured ages and cooling rates of multiple H chondrites. We also predict the cores of these bodies could have been partially liquid and feasibly generating a dynamo at 100 Myr after solar system formation. These observations contribute to a growing body of evidence supporting a spectrum of internal differentiation within some asteroids with primitive surfaces.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2019AREP; IA75
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
08 - Green Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JE005951
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2019 12:33
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2019 12:33
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4508

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